Friday September 7, 2018
Are you conscious of your eating habits? Do you stop yourself from eating as you think you might put on a few pounds? We should love our body and not judge anyone by their shape, figure, or looks. Today, around 70 million people are victims of anorexia, bulimia, and other eating disorders which is almost 3% of the total population. Eating disorders are characterised by abnormal eating habits and disturbing weight control behaviour. These disorders tend to affect your physical health and psychosocial functioning. Two of the most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
Anorexia nervosa is a voluntary self-starvation that results in emaciation (abnormal thinness). In common terms, it is described as the refusal to consume food and maintain an average body weight. Anorexia is prevalent among young people especially those in the adolescent phase or puberty. However, in some cases, people over the age of 25 get the disorder. It is generally characterised by the fear of gaining weight or becoming fat. In menstruating females, the initial symptom for anorexia would be the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles.
There are two types of anorexia - the restricting type and the binge eating type. People who have a restricted type of anorexia, would not engage in any form of eating and would consume only a few food items. The latter type will engage in binge eating, resulting in self-induced vomiting and misuse of laxatives.
Some of the anorexia symptoms include dizziness, dry hair, low blood pressure, weakness, high cholesterol levels, dry skin, acrocyanosis, and edema to name a few. Gradually, this can lead to hypothermia, commonly known as growth retardation.The treatment for this disorder is related to not only psychological management, but it deals with nutritional treatment and intervention as well. You can treat this eating disorder only when all these two factors work together.
Here are a few nutritional tips that can help in treating anorexia. In the initial phase, it is crucial to consume 30-40kcal/kg/day, while in the second phase make sure you consume 70-100kcal/kg/day and in the weight maintenance phase a consumption of 40-60kcal/kg/day is needed. Additionally, you should consume at least 15-20% of protein-rich food products, 50-55% carbohydrates and 30% fats. You should consume adequate vitamins and minerals that are recommended by your doctor. Eating disorders can be cured by consuming the right kind of nutritional food and of course, with a positive and an open mindset about your body.
On the other hand, Bulimia is another eating disorder that is characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating, followed by constant efforts of reducing weight. People with this disorder are generally in the normal weight range. Unlike Anorexia, Bulimia seems to be more present among men and women of all age.
Some of the characteristics seen in Bulimic patients include eating large amounts of food than most people. They tend to not have a sense of control over their food intake followed by a recurrent inappropriate behaviour in order to prevent weight gain such as self-induced vomit, misuse of laxatives, diuretics and other forms of medication. Such behaviour will be seen twice a week for at least three months.
Bulimia Nervosa symptoms include salivary gland enlargement, low potassium concentration in the body, diarrhoea, edema, enamel erosion, and irregular heartbeat. Along with constant psychological management, it is very important to follow a balanced nutritional diet. You should observe a weight management diet with 50-55% of carbohydrates, 15-20% of proteins and 30% of fats.
Our dietitians at Slim n’ Lite take care of every small detail and aim to offer quality services to provide nutritional and healthy food. We provide nutritional diet food deliveries in the UAE. For more information, visit our service page at /services/individual-programs/.